Mahatma Gandhi, who is also known as the Father of the Nation or Bapu, is a great Indian freedom fighter. He was a great believer of non-violence and struggled in uniting people, irrespective of the caste and colour. He was the leader of Indian Congress and organised many National movements including Quit India movement, Satyagraha, Non co-operation movement etc. He is known for his uniqueness, greatness and his simple dressing.
He was born into a Hindu family on October 2, 1869 and was named as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. In his remembrance, this day is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti in India. He studied schooling in Rajkot. Later he went to England for studying Law, after completion of his higher studies. He practised as a barrister and served as a Civil right activist in South Africa. Following this, he returned to India on request from Gopal Krishna Gokhale in the year 1915. Gokhale also made Gandhi a member of the Indian Congress and elaborated him about the situation in India.
In the year 1920, he was made the leader of the Congress. During this time period, he started helping many people in India. He has organised many movements and struggled for freedom of India. As a result of which he was arrested many times by the British, who ruled India during that time. He had many followers, who happily followed him in his footsteps. He also dressed up in cotton clothes, which he weaved with the help of Charkha.
Mahatma Gandhi believed in the democracy of the Nation and supported secularism where both Hindu and Muslim can live in harmony. However, many politician during that time did not support this and wanted a separate country for Muslim people. India was divided into two partitions and Muslim people migrated to Pakistan and many Hindu and Sikh people moved to India. After this partition, British rule came to an end in India on August 15, 1947.
On January 30, 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse. During this crisis time, the Indian people were addressed by that time Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Every year, January 30, is celebrated as Martyr Day in remembrance of this sad demise.