Uttar Pradesh is one of the largest states situated in northern part of India. In terms of population, Uttar Pradesh is one of the most populous states in the country. Under British Rule, the state was named as United province but after independence, the state was renamed as Uttar Pradesh. The state constitutes of 75 districts with Lucknow as a capital city. The state is drained by two major glacial rivers Ganga and Yamuna. Uttar Pradesh fondly termed as UP is surrounded by other Indian states like Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan. By landmass, the state is fourth largest states in the country with 243,290 square kilometers.
The state of Uttar Pradesh has great importance in Hindu mythology. The Hindu religious figures like Lord Rama and Krishna both had a connection with the current region called UP. Lord Rama was born in Ayodhya and Lord Krishna was born in Mathura in Uttar Pradesh. During the medieval period, the region of Uttar Pradesh was ruled by various kings like Guptas, Mauryans, Kushans etc. During the 16th century, the region was ruled by Mughal emperors until British East Indian Company defeated the Mughal Empire to establish its rule. In 1947 after independence, the state was renamed and declared to be part of the Indian republic.
The state of Uttar Pradesh is as large as the size of the United Kingdom with an area of 243,290 square kilometers. The state also shares its border with Nepal in the Himalayan region. The region comprises of mountains as well as plains. Uttar Pradesh is bestowed with thirty-two small and big rivers that flow out of the Himalayan glacier. Due to the Ganges and its tributary, Uttar Pradesh is blessed with fertile and mineral-rich soil.
The state of Uttar Pradesh is second in the list in terms of net state domestic products. The major revenue of the state comes from agriculture. As per government of India report, UP contributes 19% to India’s total grain output. 70-80% of sugarcane production in India comes from Uttar Pradesh. Apart from agriculture, UP is the hub of many industrial and manufacturing companies in India. In terms of information and technology, Noida and Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh top the chart.
Uttar Pradesh has recorded most domestic tourist arrivals in the country. Most of the religious places are situated in the region which makes the state one of the most visited one. Magh Mela and Kumbh Mela are known worldwide. Apart from religious tourism, the state has several beautiful places that are known for its scenic beauty.