V. Narasimha Rao was an Indian government official who filled in as the tenth Prime Minister of India. He was the mastermind after implementing a few noteworthy financial reforms which prompted the disassembling of the License Raj, which let to opening up the Indian economy for expedient monetary advancement and development. On account of this he is alluded to as the “Father of Indian Economic Reforms”. The destroying of the License Raj was a noteworthy turning point in the historical backdrop of Indian financial matters as it switched the communist strategies embraced by the progressive Indian governments after the freedom and prepared for India a way to be a functioning member in the rush of globalization which was moving throughout the world.
With his splendid management and tireless activities pointed towards the advancement of the nation, he safeguarded India from a monetary collapse and set the pace for recuperation and development. Notwithstanding his visionary authority, he is likewise acclaimed for being the primary Prime Minster hailing from non-Hindi-talking southern part of India. He was a great multi-faceted identity who was additionally a researcher and an intelligent person. As a matter of fact, he knew 17 dialects and was really interested in subjects such as writing, literature and computer programming.
Early Life and Education
He was born in a humble Niyogi Brahmin family in a small village of Warangal District, now in Telangana. He was adopted at the age of three years by Pamulaparthi Rao and Rukminiamma, who belonged to agrarian families. Subsequent to finishing his primary education in Katkuru Village of Karimnagar, he earned his Bachelors in Arts from the ArtsCollege at the Osmania University. He completed his Master’s degree in Law from Hislop College, affiliated to Bombay University and which is now under Nagpur University.
He got married to Satyamma Rao and she died in the year 1970 leaving him distraught. The couple had 8 children – three sons and five daughters. P. V. Rangarao, his eldest son, was an education minister in the cabinet of Kotla Vijaya Bhaskar Reddy and from Hanma Konda Assembly Constituency, he was MLA for two terms. His other son P. V. Rajeshwar Rao was a MP of 11th Lok Sabha from Secunderabad Lok Sabha Constituency.
Freedom battle was at its top amid the 1940s, and PV NarasimhaRoa, an enthusiastic nationalist prepared to be a guerrilla fighter to rebel against the Nizam who was ruling Hyderabad around then. He battled an exhausting battle against the Nizam, taking a chance with his life as he stressed to avoid getting slaughtered by the armed force of the Nizam. Even on the day of India’s independence on 15th August 1946, he was battling in a forest. He was indeed an active member of the freedom movement and soon after India attained independence, he joined politics. He served in the Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh from the year 1957 to 1977. He was a loyal follower of Indira Gandhi.
He held different positions in the Ministry from Andhra Pradesh state, and also filled in as the Chief Minister of the state from the year 1971– 73. He was chosen for Lok Sabha in the year 1977. He took care of assorted portfolios in Indira Gandhi’s and Rajiv Gandhi’s cabinet, and that included the foreign ministry as well from 1980– 84, and then from 1988– 89. He also worked as the Minister of Law and Information, Health and Medicine, Education, Law and Endowments during his political tenure in the nation.
He was intending to leave legislature however the death of the Congress President Rajiv Gandhi in the year 1991 settled on him re-evaluate his choice. The Congress Party picked Rao as its leader and after the general elections of the year 1991, he turned into Prime Minister of India.
Stint as Prime Minister
Indian economy was experiencing a state of crisis when he assumed control over the country as the Prime Minister. He instantly started actualizing dynamic changes and reforms. He went for lessening the financial shortfall, expanding investment in infrastructure and privatization of public sector. He picked Manmohan Singh, who is an acclaimed financial specialist, as his Finance Minister, who assisted him in actualizing the changes.
Some of the reforms introduced by both of them in the administration of the nation were the SEBI Act of 1992 and the Security Laws (Amendment). Other reforms encompassed opening equity markets of India to investment by institutional financial specialists from abroad and beginning the National Stock Exchange as a PC based trading framework in the year 1994.
Working alongside his Finance Minister, Manmohan Singh, he presented a few measures including cutting government regulations, forsaking endowments and settled costs, red tape and privatizing state-run businesses, which eventually revived the economy of India.
As the Prime Minister of the nation, he made critical accomplishments and established the pace for the expedient improvement of the nation. He empowered the national atomic security and ballistic rockets program, which resulted in the Pokhran Nuclear tests of the year 1998. He also made conciliatory suggestions to the United States, Western Europe, and China, and also played a vital role in neutralising Kashmir nonconformist movement.
In the general elections of the year 1996 the Congress Party was casted a ballot out by the Indian electorate and PV Narasimha Rao ventured down as PM in the month of May in 1996. In the year 2000, a lower court discovered Rao liable of fixing the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) MPs to spare his administration in 1993, and condemned him to three years in jail. But eventually in the year 2002, Delhi High Court absolved him of the charge.
After the Bombay bombings on 12th March, 1993 his crisis management was exceptionally adulated. He by and by visited Bombay after the bombings and in the wake of seeing proof of Pakistani inclusion in the bombings, requested the intelligence to welcome the other intelligence organizations of the UK, US and other West European nations to send their specialists in counter terrorism to Bombay to analyze the actualities for themselves.
A solid quake in Latur, Maharashtra, likewise slaughtered 10,000 individuals and dislodged several thousands in the year 1993. Rao was hailed by numerous individuals for utilizing modern innovation and equipment to arrange huge relief tasks to soothe the stricken individuals, and for plans of monetary reconstruction.
He died of a heart attack on the 23rd of December, 2004 at 83 years of age.
For a certain something, the Gandhi family’s tradition to bury non-dynasty pioneers as insignificant has kept PV in the overlooked category. His body was declined entry into the AICC central command, and eventually the family’s demand for a location to bury him in the capital was also denied. The family wanted him to rest in peace at his Karmabhoomi. Later, after the intervention of the then CM of Andhra Pradesh, Dr.Y.S.Rajashekhar Reddy, PVwas incinerated with full state honours in Hyderabad.
His burial service was attended by Manmohan Singh – the then Prime Minister, H. D. DeveGowda – former Prime Minister, L.K. Advani – the then President of BJP, Pranab Mukherjee – Defence Minister, and P. Chidambaram – Finance Minister and numerous different dignitaries.
- He was popularly known as PV and he was able to speak 17 different languages which included eight Indian Languages and nine foreign languages. Indian languages included Urdu, Kannada, Marathi, Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Sanskrit and Oriya with a fluency similar to that of a native speaker. Though his mother tongue was Telugu but he spoke English, Arabic, French, Spanish, Greek, German, Persian and Latin.
- He has been an alma mater of various esteemed institutions of the country such as Fergusson College Pune, Mumbai University, Osmania University and Nagur University.
- He also edited a Telegu weekly magazine known as KakatiyaPatrika from the year 1948 to 1955. This was his joint venture along with his cousin Pamulaparthi Sadasiva Rao.
- He is known to resurrect the collapsing economy of India and is called as Father of Indian Economic Reforms.
- A man of numerous interests, he admired music, theatre and film. His was particularly interested in Indian culture and Philosophy, composing fiction and political discourse, learning dialects, composing sonnets in Hindi and Telugu and staying up to date with literature all in all.
- He was the first individual apart from the Nehru-Gandhi clan to work and serve as the Prime Minister of the nation for five incessant years, he was also the first to belong to South India and apparently the foremost from Andhra Pradesh.
- He has effectively published ‘Sahasra Phan’, a Hindi interpretation of Shri Viswanatha Satyanarayana’s well-known Telegu Novel ‘Veyi Padagalu’ published by Jnanpith; ‘Abala Jeevitam’, Telugu interpretation of Shri Hari Narayan Apte’s renowned Marathi Novel, “Dish Lakshat Kongheto”, published by Central Sahitya Academy.
- He also translated many different acclaimed works from Marathi to Telugu and from Telugu to Hindi, and published numerous articles in various magazines for the most part under a pseudonym. He addressed at the Universities of U.S.A. and West Germany on issues related to politics.