IPO – Meaning, Participation, and Things to remember before applying for IPO

Building a brand necessitates several variables, the most important of which is trust. It should be able to attract acceptable investors, organic sales and marketing executives, a qualified workforce, and a strong distribution channel, among other things.

On the other hand, managing a brand is a completely different affair. If the brand is successful and consumers trust it, the owner can expand into new businesses, and this is when the company needs you to invest your time and money in it the most.

An Initial Public Offering (IPO) takes center stage at this point.

In the first bid of the company’s shares, an investment in an initial public offering (IPO) generates significant returns. Before investing, however, it’s critical to understand how these assets differ from conventional stock trading, as well as the additional dangers and laws that come with IPO investments.

What exactly is Initial Public Offering (IPO)?


When a new or existing company with no shares listed on the stock exchange decides to sell its equity to the general public, this is known as an Initial Public Offering (IPO). The proceeds from the sale of these shares are used to purchase new machinery, and land, or to settle the company’s debts and liabilities. Individuals who purchase shares in the company are rewarded (in the form of dividends) or can sell the shares for a profit when the share price is favorable for trading.

Brokers can assist you in purchasing shares in a publicly-traded corporation. Buying equities in the secondary market is what this is referred to as. You can acquire shares directly from a company when it launches an initial public offering (IPO) in India. Because firms issue their shares at a discount and then list them at a premium when they are listed, this is more profitable than buying on the secondary market. You might also sell them to make money.

Participation in IPO

You pledge to buy shares of a firm at the offering price before it trades on the secondary market when you invest in IPO. The offering price is decided by the lead underwriter and the issuer based on several factors, including several indications of interest from potential investors in the offering.

Before investing in an IPO, you must first determine whether your brokerage firm provides access to new issue share offerings and, if so, what the qualifying circumstances are. Typically, qualified investors are high-net-worth individuals or experienced traders who are aware of the dangers associated with participating in an IPO.

Individual investors may have difficulty obtaining shares in an IPO since demand often outnumbers supply. Because of the scarcity value of IPOs, many brokerage firms limit who can participate by requiring customers to have a significant amount of assets with the business, meet specific trading frequency requirements, or have a long-term relationship with the firm.

Things to consider while applying for IPO:

  • Be well-informed about the company: Read the prospectus before applying for an IPO in India. This document contains information regarding the company’s finances, market performance, and the IPO’s goal in India. The prospectus is available on the company’s or SEBI’s websites. Check to discover if the promoter or the company is embroiled in any major legal battles. Stay away from repeat offenders at all costs.
  • Complete paperwork ahead of schedule: An IPO application form can be obtained from any broker’s office in India. Fill out the form and write a cheque/or apply online for IPO for the amount you wish to apply for before the deadline. After that, you can send it to the collecting bankers or the agents of commercial bankers.
  • Keep an eye for oversubscription: Each IPO has a set number of shares that are allocated proportionally to each investment group. If a specific IPO in India has a lot of interest, the number of applications may outnumber the number of shares listed. As a result, shares are distributed proportionately, and you may receive fewer shares than you requested.
  • Focus on the fundamentals of the company rather than the listing profits: While listing gains are enticing, if the company is fundamentally sound and short-term, the share price will continue to climb long after the initial public offering in India.
  • Examine the valuation: This is by far the most important item to evaluate, as well as the most difficult for average investors to assess. Although this method is extremely technical, it is skewed since investment bankers examine management and earnings before deciding the final offer price. To make things easier, compare the IPO’s valuation in India to that of a listed peer on the secondary market. Use indicators like the price-to-earnings ratio, price-to-book ratio, and return on equity to analyze a new company’s IPO.


The future appears uncertain until the sale is completed after a firm decides to go public and begins the process of preparing for an IPO.

Initial public offerings (IPOs) are risky investments, and not every company will pay you back. As a result, before investing your hard-earned money in an IPO, you must be assured.

You become one of the company’s first shareholders if you buy stock during an initial public offering (IPO). As the company prospers, the share price will grow, and you will profit. The stock market, on the other hand, is a risk.

In India, there are a few IPO misconceptions such as:

  • Investing in IPO allows you to get in on the ground floor: by the time you invest, other parties will have already invested in the company.
  • If everyone is enthused about an IPO in India, it must be a great investment.

If a company wishes to go public, it appears to be financially sound: Many

  • companies make the mistake of going public when they shouldn’t.

So, keep the above suggestions and myths in mind while applying for an IPO in India, and you’ll be able to profit in the long term.